urban institute nonprofit social and economic policy research

Latest Reports from the Justice Policy Center

 
 
Viewing 1-10 of 317. Most recent posts listed first.Next Page >>

The Framework for Safer Return: A Research-Based Community Initiative (Research Report)
Shelli B. Rossman, Jocelyn Fontaine, Rochelle Perry

Safer Return—funded by the MacArthur Foundation, and designed jointly by Urban Institute researchers and Safer Foundation staff—was an action research demonstration implemented in Chicago's Garfield Park neighborhood between 2008 and 2013. This brief retrospectively describes the context in which the program model was developed, the activities performed during the strategic planning process, existing evidence-based or promising programs examined for possible inclusion in Safer Return, features of the model as it was initially conceptualized, and the proposed multi-method research design that uses a quasi-experimental approach and primary and secondary data collection to capture individual, family, and community results.

Posted to Web: March 28, 2014Publication Date: March 28, 2014

Community Ties, Public Safety and Reentry: Residents' Perspectives (Research Brief)
Jocelyn Fontaine, Douglas Gilchrist-Scott

This brief focuses on community surveys conducted in Garfield Park and West Englewood in November 2009 as part of the evaluation of the Safer Return Demonstration. The brief discusses residents’ perspectives on community resources, social control and cohesion, police officials, crime and victimization, and perceptions of individuals returning from prison to the community. It finds the two neighborhoods comparable in sociodemographic characteristics and that the reentry context in both neighborhoods is depressed overall, but worse in West Englewood than Garfield Park. There is tremendous support for returning prisoners among community residents, which assists Safer Return and other community-based reentry programs.

Posted to Web: March 28, 2014Publication Date: March 28, 2014

Interim Reincarceration Outcomes of Safer Return (Research Report)
Jocelyn Fontaine, Samuel Taxy, Shelli B. Rossman

Safer Return provided supportive services to 727 individuals returning from state prison to Chicago's Garfield Park neighborhood. This interim analysis uses administrative data from the Illinois Department of Corrections to compare one-year reincarceration outcomes of: Safer Return participants, nonparticipants paroled to a comparison neighborhood, and nonparticipants paroled to Garfield Park. Of the three groups, program participants had the lowest reincarceration rate. Statistical analyses find that participants' did not fare significantly better than nonparticipants paroled to the comparison neighborhood, but they did fare significantly better than Garfield Park nonparticipants. Differences in reincarceration rates were driven largely by differences in technical violations.

Posted to Web: March 28, 2014Publication Date: March 28, 2014

Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities (Research Report)
Meredith Dank, Bilal Khan, P. Mitchell Downey, Cybele Kotonias, Debbie Mayer, Colleen Owens, Laura Pacifici, Lilly Yu

The underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) generates millions of dollars annually, yet investigation and data collection remain under resourced. Our study aimed to unveil the scale of the UCSE in eight major US cities-Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Kansas City, Miami, Seattle, San Diego, and Washington, DC. Across cities, the UCSE's worth was estimated between $39.9 and $290 million in 2007, but decreased since 2003 in all but two cities. Interviews with pimps, traffickers, sex workers, child pornographers, and law enforcement revealed the dynamics central to the underground commercial sex trade-and shaped the policy suggestions to combat it.

Posted to Web: March 12, 2014Publication Date: March 12, 2014

Organizational Efficiency and Early Disposition Programs in Federal Courts (Research Report)
KiDeuk Kim

Early disposition or "fast-track" programs in federal sentencing allow a prosecutor to offer a reduced sentence in exchange for a defendant's prompt guilty plea and waiver of certain legal rights. Based on immigration cases in federal districts, this study finds that fast-track participants received a modest reduction in sentence length compared to otherwise similar non-participants. The estimated reduction in case processing time attributable to fast-track programs was also of moderate consequence to the government. The report discusses policy implications of fast-track processing in terms of organizational efficiency and fair treatment of defendants in federal court.

Posted to Web: February 18, 2014Publication Date: January 24, 2014

Justice Reinvestment Initiative State Assessment Report (Research Report)
Nancy G. La Vigne, Samuel Bieler, Lindsey Cramer, Helen Ho, Cybele Kotonias, Debbie Mayer, Dave McClure, Laura Pacifici, Erika Parks, Bryce Peterson, Julie Samuels

Seventeen Justice Reinvestment Initiative states are projected to save as much as $4.6 billion through reforms that increase the efficiency of their criminal justice systems. Eight states that had JRI policies in effect for at least one year – Arkansas, Hawaii, Louisiana, Kentucky, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, and South Carolina – reduced their prison populations. Through the Initiative, states receive federal dollars to assess and improve their criminal justice systems while enhancing public safety. This report chronicles 17 states as they enacted comprehensive criminal justice reforms relying on bipartisan and interbranch collaboration. The study notes common factors that drove prison growth and costs and documents how each state responded with targeted policies.

Posted to Web: January 27, 2014Publication Date: January 27, 2014

Examining Housing as a Pathway to Successful Reentry: A Demonstration Design Process (Research Report)
Jocelyn Fontaine

This paper describes a reentry housing demonstration design process that will fill the gaps in the literature and strengthen policy and practice. The demonstration would include a range of housing and supportive services for formerly incarcerated persons, primarily focused on making meaningful reductions in returns to incarceration. The associated study would explore whether housing leads to reductions in recidivism and increases in the reintegration of those released from incarceration. Examples of potential partnerships and opportunities for reentry housing programming and funding are discussed. The paper concludes with several key hallmarks for the proposed demonstration to achieve its intended goals.

Posted to Web: November 15, 2013Publication Date: November 13, 2013

Justice Reinvestment: A Toolkit for Local Leaders (Research Report)
Helen Ho, S. Rebecca Neusteter, Nancy G. La Vigne

Justice reinvestment is a promising model for reducing corrections costs using a data-driven and collaborative approach. This toolkit presents an overview of the justice reinvestment model for local leaders, including examples from localities that have implemented justice reinvestment. More resources can be found at http://justicereinvestment.urban.org.

Posted to Web: November 12, 2013Publication Date: November 12, 2013

Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level: Planning and Implementation Guide Second Edition (Research Report)
Nancy G. La Vigne, Elizabeth Davies, Pamela Lachman, S. Rebecca Neusteter

Justice reinvestment is a promising model for reducing corrections costs using a data-driven and collaborative approach. This guidebook provides detailed instruction for jurisdictions aiming to improve the efficiency of their local justice systems and generate savings that can be reinvested in prevention-oriented strategies, including: the steps involved in the justice reinvestment process, challenges that may be encountered, and how challenges can be overcome. More resources can be found at http://justicereinvestment.urban.org.

Posted to Web: November 12, 2013Publication Date: November 12, 2013

The Criminal Justice Planner's Toolkit for Justice Reinvestment at the Local Level (Research Report)
Pamela Lachman, S. Rebecca Neusteter, Elizabeth Davies, Nancy G. La Vigne

Justice reinvestment is a promising model for reducing corrections costs using a data-driven and collaborative approach. This toolkit provides criminal justice planners with the technical information to identify local corrections cost drivers and design strategies addressing those drivers. More resources can be found at http://justicereinvestment.urban.org.

Posted to Web: November 12, 2013Publication Date: November 12, 2013

 Next Page >>