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Economy and Taxes

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Clear nonpartisan analysis of fiscal and tax policy enables policymakers and the public to weigh competing theories on how to end the country’s economic crisis. Urban Institute researchers evaluated key components of the stimulus package and analyzed the tax proposals in the president’s budget. Warning decisionmakers about the unsustainable fiscal course ahead, our experts propose ways to control deficits and reform the entitlement programs that drive up spending. Read more.

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The Debt Ceiling Deal, the "Super Committee," and Retirement Programs

 
 
1040

Clear nonpartisan analysis of fiscal and tax policy enables policymakers and the public to weigh competing theories on how to end the country’s economic crisis. Urban Institute researchers evaluated key components of the stimulus package and analyzed the tax proposals in the president’s budget. Warning decisionmakers about the unsustainable fiscal course ahead, our experts propose ways to control deficits and reform the entitlement programs that drive up spending. Read more.

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Tax Refunds and Affordable Care Act Reconciliation (Research Report)
Leonard E. Burman, Gordon Mermin, Elena Ramirez

People may purchase subsidized health insurance through the ACA exchanges with premiums based on projected future income. However, if actual income is higher than estimated, they may be required to repay part or all of the subsidy when they file tax returns. This “reconciliation” process could raise taxes substantially for many ACA participants. However, analysis of income tax return data suggests that for most lower-income filers, the reconciliation will reduce the refund they receive rather than require them to remit additional tax because their refunds exceed the reconciliation amount. We conclude by making suggestions to improve the reconciliation process.

Posted to Web: April 01, 2015Publication Date: April 01, 2015

A Review of Children's Savings Accounts (Research Report)
Barbara Butrica

Children's savings accounts (CSAs) aim to improve the lives of low- and moderate-income people by increasing their financial security, developing their financial capability, and improving their educational outcomes. With their benefits increasingly recognized, the past two decades have witnessed the adoption of and numerous proposals for CSAs. This brief reviews CSAs and their benefits, provides international and domestic CSA examples, and points to selected research on CSAs—including their distributional impact.

Posted to Web: March 23, 2015Publication Date: March 23, 2015

The Effects of the Medicaid Expansion on State Budgets: An Early Look in Select States (Research Report)
Stan Dorn, Norton Francis, Laura Snyder, Robin Rudowitz

This study analyzes the state budgetary effects of Medicaid expansion in Connecticut, New Mexico, and Washington State. Researchers interviewed state budget staff and officials and reviewed state budget documents. Early evidence shows state savings, within and outside Medicaid, and revenue gains alongside limited costs resulting from expansion. Researchers also analyze findings from Kentucky, another expansion state, noting that the two states able to compare overall costs and savings (Kentucky and Washington) both found that expansion yielded net state budget gains. This includes projections for future years when states pay 10 percent of Medicaid expansion costs.

Posted to Web: March 19, 2015Publication Date: March 14, 2015

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