Urban Institute experts study public policies' effects on families and parents. We analyze family-leave policies, public supports for families, and government policies aimed at strengthening marriage. Our Low-Income Working Families project explores the hardships of employed families struggling to make ends meet.
A third of all families with children (13.4 million families) have incomes less than twice the federal poverty line. A sudden job loss or health crisis could derail them. Tax credits, food stamps, child care subsidies, and other work supports help. But they don't always close the gap between earnings and basic needs. Urban Institute analysts have proposed new initiatives to protect low-income working families and help them get ahead.
This report uses the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau to describe custodial families served by the IV-D program, a federally mandated program that promotes parental responsibility and family self-sufficiency by providing families with child support services. According to the data, over 60 percent of custodial families participate in the IV-D program, approximately half of the families in the IV-D program had incomes below 150 percent of the poverty threshold, and custodial parents who are poor, never married, under the age of 30, and have limited education are much more likely to receive IV-D services than other custodial parents.
What percent of families are asset poor-lack sufficient resources to live at the poverty line for three months -and why does asset poverty matter? A third of U.S. families are liquid asset poor and these families are disproportionately minority, young, and low-income. A lack of assets threatens families' ability to weather adverse events. After experiencing an involuntary job loss, asset-poor families are nearly three times more likely to experience hardship than non-asset-poor families. These large differences exist across the income spectrum-for low-, middle-, and
Given the high stakes for children living in economically insecure families, it is important to document how many children are living in such circumstances, how economic insecurity has changed over the course of the Great Recession, and which children were most affected. It is also critical to consider whether children are receiving public program benefits, how this support has changed over the course of the Great Recession, and whether these programs appear to be meeting the needs of families with children. This summary highlights key findings from a paper that examines how children's circumstances changed between 2007 and 2010.