Housing Finance Reform: Fundamentals of Transferring Credit Risk in a Future Housing Finance System (Testimony)
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Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac both recently completed deals in which they transferred some of the risk from their guarantor book of business to private investors. As we contemplate a new housing finance system in which private entities take the first loss, backed up by a catastrophic government guarantee, the obvious question arises: how are these deals applicable to the new housing finance structure? While lessons can be learned from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac deals, there are additional considerations in an environment without government-sponsored enterprises.
Testimony Before the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform U.S. House of Representatives (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: December 12, 2013||Publication Date: December 10, 2013|
In this testimony before the US House Oversight and Government Reform Committee on the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) impact on premiums and provider networks, Feder concludes that by filling the gaps in the current financing structure and slowing the growth in health care costs, the ACA has enormous potential to address the flaws in the country's health care system. The biggest barrier Feder sees to realizing the law’s potential is the political resistance to the law’s implementation.
Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 12, 2013||Publication Date: December 12, 2013|
This report helps states confront burdensome administrative processes that make it difficult for low-income families to get and keep child care benefits, and the cumulative challenges clients face in trying to access other benefits for which they are eligible (i.e. SNAP/Medicaid). Through concrete policy ideas and examples from states across the country, it offers an in-depth guide to help states not only simplify child care subsidy policies, but also to align child care policies with other work supports. With this information, states can identify strategies to improve service delivery for clients, while improving service delivery and reducing administrative burden.
Moving to Educational Opportunity: A Housing Demonstration to Improve School Outcomes (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 09, 2013||Publication Date: December 04, 2013|
Many families receiving housing subsidies move to neighborhoods with low-performing, high-poverty schools. This paper presents a housing mobility demonstration that seeks to improve the educational outcomes of students in such families. Incorporating lessons from education and housing research, this randomized-control trial demonstration provides subsidized households with prescreened lists of available housing in neighborhoods with high-quality, low-poverty schools. It aims to help households marry school and housing decisions and to lower the barriers that constrain their choices. This paper reviews literature on residential and school choice decision-making, and presents the demonstration's interventions, site selection criteria, evaluation methodology, and estimated costs.
Using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to Study Patient-Centered Medical Homes (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 09, 2013||Publication Date: November 06, 2013|
This guide provides an in-depth introduction to using qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) – an approach based on set theory and Boolean algebra – in patient-centered medical home evaluations. Specifically, QCA can be used to identify practice-level "conditions" (e.g., practice characteristics, medical home care processes) that are linked to an outcome of interest (e.g., improved care quality, higher patient satisfaction ratings, or reduced health care utilization or expenditures). The guide includes a description of key analytic steps involved in the QCA approach.
Nonprofit-Government Contracts and Grants: Findings from the 2013 National Survey (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 06, 2013||Publication Date: September 13, 2013|
This report discusses the results of the 2013 National Survey of Nonprofit-Government Contracts and Grants. Expanding on the 2010 study of human service nonprofits, we examine most types of nonprofits with expenses of $100,000 or more. This report documents the size and scope of government financing, administration of contracts and grants, and nonprofit perceptions of problems and improvements in these processes and reports on the financial status of nonprofits in 2012. The study also examines how human service nonprofits have managed since the recession ended and how their relationships with government agencies have changed since 2009.
Contracts and Grants between Nonprofits and Government (Research Brief)
|Posted to Web: December 05, 2013||Publication Date: December 05, 2013|
This brief summarizes the results of the 2013 National Survey of Nonprofit-Government Contracts and Grants. Expanding on the 2010 study of human service nonprofits, we examine most types of nonprofits with expenses of $100,000 or more. This report documents the size and scope of government financing, administration of contracts and grants, and nonprofit perceptions of problems and improvements in these processes and reports on the financial status of nonprofits at the end of the Great Recession. Nearly 56,000 nonprofits have government contracts and grant, and we estimate that governments paid $137 billion to nonprofits in 2012.
Property Taxes in the United States (Article/Tax Facts)
|Posted to Web: December 05, 2013||Publication Date: December 05, 2013|
This Tax Fact examines the property tax burden as a share of home value in the United States. Most counties have property tax burdens between 0.5 and 1.5 percent of home value. As a share of home values, counties in the Northeast, parts of the Midwest, and Texas tend to have higher property taxes relative to other counties.
HOST: Can Public Housing be a Platform for Change? (Series/HOST)
|Posted to Web: December 04, 2013||Publication Date: December 02, 2013|
Building on research in distressed public housing communities, we argue for a new approach to addressing the worst consequences of concentrated poverty and helping families move toward self-sufficiency. We introduce the Housing Opportunities and Services Together (HOST) demonstration, a two-generation, whole family service model that uses public and mixed-income housing as a platform for intensive, wraparound services. We describe how HOST encapsulates lessons learned from studying federal housing policies, challenges that make reversing chronic disadvantage so difficult, and our theoretical framework for fostering change. We outline HOST's research design in four sites: Chicago, New York, Portland, and Washington, D.C.
Strengthening Families Through Stronger Fathers Initiative: Summary of Impact Findings (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 03, 2013||Publication Date: November 20, 2013|
To help low-income noncustodial parents find work and pay child support, the New York Legislature enacted the Strengthening Families Through Stronger Fathers Initiative in 2006, offering a refundable tax credit and work-oriented programs to noncustodial parents. This report summarizes findings from our evaluation of the initiative and discusses the characteristics of noncustodial parents who participated. These findings suggest that allocating new funding to the employment-oriented component of the initiative and extending the tax credit would improve employment outcomes and child support compliance among noncustodial parents.
|Posted to Web: December 03, 2013||Publication Date: October 15, 2012|